Objective Aiming at the problem that the assembly quality of interference fit components is difficult to control, a method for monitoring the assembly quality of such components based on digital twin technology is proposed.
Methods Combined with digital twin technology, the framework of an assembly quality monitoring system for interference fit components is constructed; the actual assembly process is comprehensively analyzed and a real-time monitoring process of the assembly process based on the press-fitting force is designed; and a state prediction model of the press-fitting force based on the Markov model is established, and a comprehensive judgment of the assembly quality of the interference fit components is realized by the comprehensive comparison of theoretical press-fitting force, actual press-fitting force and press-fitting force prediction state.
Results The interference fit between the output shaft and sun gear of a typical marine planetary reducer is used as an example for verification. The results show that this method can realize the real-time collection and monitoring of the press-fitting force at key points in the assembly process and predict the future quality characteristics of the point. At the same time, the experimental results of the physical assembly platform are compared with the model prediction results, and it is found that the two are consistent, which proves that the proposed method of monitoring the assembly quality of interference fit components based on digital twin technology is effective and feasible.
Conclusion The results of this study have important reference significance for the realization of quality monitoring in the process of the intelligent assembly of mechanical products.