李营, 杜志鹏, 陈赶超, 等. 舰艇爆炸毁伤与防护若干关键问题研究进展[J]. 中国舰船研究, 2024, 19(3): 1–58. doi: 10.19693/j.issn.1673-3185.03930
引用本文: 李营, 杜志鹏, 陈赶超, 等. 舰艇爆炸毁伤与防护若干关键问题研究进展[J]. 中国舰船研究, 2024, 19(3): 1–58. doi: 10.19693/j.issn.1673-3185.03930
LI Y, DU Z P, CHEN G C, et al. Fundamental problems in blast-induced damage and protection of naval vessels: a state-of-the-art review[J]. Chinese Journal of Ship Research, 2024, 19(3): 1–58 (in Chinese). doi: 10.19693/j.issn.1673-3185.03930
Citation: LI Y, DU Z P, CHEN G C, et al. Fundamental problems in blast-induced damage and protection of naval vessels: a state-of-the-art review[J]. Chinese Journal of Ship Research, 2024, 19(3): 1–58 (in Chinese). doi: 10.19693/j.issn.1673-3185.03930

舰艇爆炸毁伤与防护若干关键问题研究进展

Fundamental problems in blast-induced damage and protection of naval vessels: a state-of-the-art review

  • 摘要: 大型水面舰船和潜艇是支撑海军空间立体化作战的主要装备和移动平台,随着战斗部毁伤威力和制导精度的日益提高,加之毁伤载荷的多元化,其生存环境面临愈加严峻的挑战,因而开展舰艇爆炸毁伤与防护研究具有十分重要的意义。爆炸载荷下舰艇结构的毁伤与防护是一个涉及爆炸力学、流体力学、结构动力学、材料学等多学科融合的交叉性问题,仍存在诸多难题有待研究。针对其中涉及的若干关键问题,围绕近年来国内外在舰艇爆炸载荷特性、毁伤响应机制及其防护技术与装备等方面的研究进展进行系统概述,指出当前研究存在的不足,并对舰艇爆炸毁伤与防护的发展趋势进行展望,旨在为未来舰艇高效毁伤与防护研究提供有价值的参考。

     

    Abstract: Large ships and submarines are the main equipment and mobile platforms supporting three-dimensional naval space operations. However, with the increasing damage power and strike accuracy of warheads, plus the diversity of destroying elements, their living environment is facing increasingly severe threats. It is thus necessary to work on the damage and protection of naval vessels subjected to blast loading. The blast-induced damage and protection of naval vessels is an interdisciplinary issue that involves the integration of explosion mechanics, fluid mechanics, structural mechanics, materials science and other disciplines in which many challenges are yet to be addressed. In view of some of the key issues involved, this paper systematically summarizes the research progress on blast load characteristics, damage mechanisms and protection technologies and equipment at home and abroad in recent years. The shortcomings of the current research are pointed out and the development trends of ship explosion damage and protection are predicted. This study can provide valuable references for future research on the efficient damage and protection of naval vessels.

     

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