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“雪龙2”号极地考察船月池系统的设计与应用

陈清满 王硕仁 赵炎平 袁东方 夏寅月 沈悦 廖周鑫

陈清满, 王硕仁, 赵炎平, 等. “雪龙2”号极地考察船月池系统的设计与应用[J]. 中国舰船研究, 2021, 16(5): 1–9 doi: 10.19693/j.issn.1673-3185.02032
引用本文: 陈清满, 王硕仁, 赵炎平, 等. “雪龙2”号极地考察船月池系统的设计与应用[J]. 中国舰船研究, 2021, 16(5): 1–9 doi: 10.19693/j.issn.1673-3185.02032
CHEN Q M, WANG S R, ZHAO Y P, et al. Design and application of moonpool system in polar icebreaker Xuelong 2[J]. Chinese Journal of Ship Research, 2021, 16(5): 1–9 doi: 10.19693/j.issn.1673-3185.02032
Citation: CHEN Q M, WANG S R, ZHAO Y P, et al. Design and application of moonpool system in polar icebreaker Xuelong 2[J]. Chinese Journal of Ship Research, 2021, 16(5): 1–9 doi: 10.19693/j.issn.1673-3185.02032

“雪龙2”号极地考察船月池系统的设计与应用

doi: 10.19693/j.issn.1673-3185.02032
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈清满,男,1987年生,硕士,工程师

    王硕仁,男,1972年生,高级工程师

    赵炎平,男,1982年生,高级船长

    通信作者:

    王硕仁

  • 中图分类号: U674.81

Design and application of moonpool system in polar icebreaker Xuelong 2

  • 摘要:   目的  在极地密集浮冰区极地考察船通过舷侧投放和回收科考探测及采样设备的作业模式受限,因此,为顺利获取极地密集浮冰区内数据和样品,需在“雪龙2”号极地考察船舯部设计月池。  方法  结合我国多年极地科学考察的经验,充分考虑极地冰区作业的特点,合理设计可在舷侧与月池作业切换的动线方案,使用创新的水压密月池底盖、特殊的轨道对接方案、低温环境下活动关节除冰等针对性设计,并经过南极考察现场作业的检验。  结果  结果表明,该设计方案可有效开展极地密集浮冰区内科考调查设备的投放和回收作业。  结论  所设计的月池系统能够较好地适用于我国极地考察船的实际需求,形成了与“雪龙2”号船破冰能力相匹配的密集浮冰区调查取样能力。
  • 图  1  “雪龙2”号月池系统贯穿甲板示意图

    Figure  1.  Illustration of moonpool system penetrating through decks in Xuelong 2

    图  2  “雪龙2”号月池系统主要结构图

    Figure  2.  Main structure diagram of moonpool system in Xuelong 2

    图  3  月池系统水密底盖图

    Figure  3.  Moonpool system watertight bottom cover

    图  4  月池底盖Mises 等效应力图

    Figure  4.  External loading-Von Mises stress of bottom cover of moonpool

    图  5  月池底盖受力形变图

    Figure  5.  External loading-displacements of bottom cover of moonpool

    图  6  “雪龙2”号月池系统双壳结构

    Figure  6.  Double-shell wave-reducing structure of Xuelong 2 moonpool system

    图  7  月池系统防坠闩锁头结构截面图

    Figure  7.  Structure details of section of moonpool at latching head

    图  8  2019年12月9日南大洋海域冰情图

    Figure  8.  Ice chart of the Southern Ocean in Dec 9, 2019

    图  9  “雪龙2”号成功在南极冰区进行月池测试

    Figure  9.  Xuelong 2 successfully conducted moonpool test in Antarctic

    表  1  国内外含月池设计的新建极地考察船

    Table  1.   Summary of new polar research vessels with moonpool design across the world

    船名船籍船长/m月池开口尺寸/m破冰等级月池主要用途
    Polar research vessel (PRV).美国6.1×4.9布放回收大型ROV,AUV和CTD
    Aurora Borealis欧盟7×7布放回收大型ROV,AUV和CTD
    “新南极光”澳大利亚1561.65 m
    Kronprins Haakon挪威100.44×3.6PC3
    S. A. Agulhas II南非134.22.4×2.4
    “雪龙2”中国122.53.2×3.2PC3布放回收CTD和生物垂直拖网及ROV,AUV(必要时)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  “雪龙2”号船月池系统的主要结构组成

    Table  2.   Main structure composition of moonpool system in Xuelong 2

    二级系统三级部件四级模块
    舱盖系统顶盖对开舱盖
    液压启闭杆
    液压锁紧插销
    底盖整扇舱盖
    液压启闭杆
    液压锁紧插销
    滑车系统升降滑车升降滑车
    滑车机架
    导轨(固定导轨、活动导轨)
    滑车锁架
    绞车钢丝绳直拉绞车
    导接头水下液压单元
    防坠闩锁头
    动力操控系统动力部分液压泵站
    控制部分本地操控台(自动操控、手动操控)
    远程操控面板
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-07-10
  • 修回日期:  2020-08-24
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-08-20

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